The central idea of this scene comes from chapter 12 of the Book of the Apocalypse. There, we are shown a great sign in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, the moon at her feet. She wears a crown of twelve stars and is about to give birth. Another sign appears: a great red dragon with seven heads and ten horns. It wears a crown on each head.
The winged woman is a symbol both of Our Lady and of the Church. Here, it is Mary who is represented at the top of the scene by a very particular statue. A young girl is shown covered only by her flowing hair and the rays of the sun. Her nudity is the metaphor of her perfect, virginal purity and innocence. She is the Immaculate one. Under her, her virtues are represented by six young women who participate in her triumph. The two in the middle are her greatest virtues: humility and faith. On either side, there are the cardinal virtues of strength, prudence, justice and temperance. Dom Bougler represented here another scene, reminicent of this one, where another dragon with seven heads appears with a sensual woman riding it. This is the prostitudeimage de droite of Babylon, holding a cup of abominations in her hand.